Red Fort

The Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi in India.

Updated: June 20, 2020

The Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1856. It was constructed by Shah Jahan in the year 1939 as a result of a capital shift from Agra to Delhi. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums.

The Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. The Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag here on the Independence Day every year.  

Formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak or the Blessed Fort, the Red Fort lies along the banks of the river Yamuna, whose waters fed the moats surrounding the fort. It was a part of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad, popularly known today as 'Old Delhi'.

The fort complex is considered to represent the Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan. Although the palace was planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings that reflect a fusion of Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions. The structure of the fort is octagonal, and it has several gates, the prominent ones being Lahori, Ajmeri, Kashmiri, Mori, Turkman and Delhi gates. The Lahori and Delhi Gates were used by the public, and the Khizrabad Gate was for the emperor. The Lahori Gate is the main entrance, leading to a domed shopping area known as the Chatta Chowk.

The Red Fort houses several structures inside its premises including the Diwan-i-Aam, the Diwan-i-Khaas, the Moti Masjid, Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal, Khas Mahal, Hammam, Baoli, Moti Masjid, Hira Mahal, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh and the Nahr-i-Bashisht (stream of paradise).

With so much history and heritage associated with it, the Red Fort is one of the most popular monuments in India and a major tourist attraction in Delhi. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex. The security and preservation of this magnificent monument is now taken care by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Other than the red sandstone and the mighty building of the medieval times, another attraction that brings the tourists to the Fort is Light and Sound Show. 

The show is a one hour fest of lights and sounds describing Mughal history which takes place inside the premises of the Fort every evening except Mondays.

The shows are both in English and Hindi at different timings:
Hindi- 7:30 PM - 8:30 PM
English- 9:00 PM - 10:00 PM 

The cost of tickets on Weekdays is INR 60 for adults and INR 20 for children, while on Weekends and Government Holidays it is INR 80 for adults and INR 30 for children

The Lahore Gate entrance leads to a mall with jewellery and craft stores. There is also a museum of 'blood paintings', depicting young 20th-century Indian martyrs and their stories, an archaeological museum and an Indian war-memorial museum.

The Red fort appears on the back of the ?500 note of the Mahatma Gandhi New Series of the Indian rupee. 

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