Updated: August 17, 2020
There are many things that can increase your risk of getting cardiovascular disease. These are called risk factors. The more risk factors you have, the greater your chances of developing CVD. The main
risk factors for CVD are:
High cholesterol is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. High cholesterol contributes to plaque, which will narrow your blood vessels and increase your risk of developing a blood clot. This will result in the blockage of arteries and lead to heart disease and stroke.
blood pressure is a major risk factor for CVD. If your blood pressure
is too high, it can damage your blood vessels leading to Heart Disease
Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose or blood sugar, that our bodies use for energy. When the body is unable to use up these sugar because of diabetes, you have a high sugar level lying in your blood. High levels of blood sugar for a longer period of time can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to become narrowed. This will result in damage of your nerves, heart,
kidneys, eyes, and
Obesity which is one of the causes of diabetes and blood pressure directly increases the risk of cardiac disease. You are at an increased risk of CVD if your body mass index
(BMI) is 25 or above.
and another tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. The harmful substances in tobacco can damage and narrow your blood vessels.
Not only from direct consumption of tobacco but also from exposure to second-hand smoke can also cause the damage of blood vessels.
consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Excessive alcohol consumption can also increase your cholesterol and blood pressure levels, and lead to weight gain.
total cholesterol level increases as age increases, developing a risk of cardiovascular disease. Aging is also associated with changes in the mechanical and structural properties of the vascular wall. This will leads to the loss of arterial elasticity and reduced arterial compliance which may cause coronary artery disease.
If you have a family history of
CVD, your risk of developing it is also increased. If your father or
brother was diagnosed with CVD before they were 55 or if your mother or
sister was diagnosed with CVD before they were 65, you are at a risk
of cardiovascular disease.