Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist who gave his life for India's freedom from British rule.

Updated: June 28, 2020

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist who gave his life for India's freedom from British rule. He is one of the prominent names that feature in the list of people who gave their lives India's independence. He is popular across the country for his adage, 'Give me Blood and I will give you Freedom', which very well sums up his profound patriotism and love for the country.

The honorific Netaji was first applied in early 1942 to Bose in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin. It was later used throughout India. He was a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939.

However his ideology and philosophy did not match with Mahatma Gandhi and other Indian National Congress leaders. So he was ousted from Congress leadership positions in 1939. He was the founder of the Azad Hind Radio, Azad Hind Fauj and Azad Hind Government in exile. 

Childhood of Subhas Chandra Bose:

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate belonging to a Kayastha family. He was the ninth in a family of 14 children.


Education of Subhas Chandra Bose:

Subash was admitted to the Protestant European School (presently Stewart High School) in Cuttack, like his brothers and sisters, in January 1902. He continued his studies at this school which was run by the Baptist Mission up to 1909 and then shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School.

After securing the second position in the matriculation examination in 1913, he got admitted to the Presidency College where he but was sacked out from the same for assaulting Professor Oaten for the latter's anti-India comments. He was influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna after reading their works at the age of 16. Bose, then, completed his graduation from Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta, attaining a BA in philosophy in 1918. Following year, he gained admission at the Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge to appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS).

Bose did crack the examination with a fourth rank and secured a job with the civil service department following his father's wish. But could not continue with the same for long as he thought continuing the work would be working under an alien government and serving the British.

Family of Subhas Chandra Bose:

Bose had tied the knot with the daughter of an Austrian veterinarian, Emilie Schenkl in the year 1937. The couple was blessed with a daughter named Anita Bose Pfaff in the year 1942.


Some facts about Subhas Chandra Bose:

  • He was the founder of the party, All India Forward Bloc.
  • "Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom" is one of the many famous quotes quoted by this Indian nationalist leader during the struggle for independence. Other famous quotes include, 'Dilli Chalo', 'Ittefaq'. 'Etemad, Qurbani', 'Jai Hind' and 'Glory to India'
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was posthumously honoured with a Bharat ratna award, India's highest civilian award. However, the same was later withdrawn, following a PIL which was filed in the court against the 'posthumous' nature of the award.
  • A statue of him has been erected in front of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly, while his photo prominently dawns in one of the walls of the Indian Parliament.
  • Netaji met with an unfortunate accident, on board a plane en-route to Russia on August 18, 1945 which led to his death. The Japanese Army Air Force Mitsubishi Ki-21 bombe,, which he was traveling on, experienced engine trouble, and crashed at Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Bose who suffered from major injuries was badly burnt. Though he was taken to the nearest hospital, he could not make it and left for the heavenly abode in a four hours' time.


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