Symptoms and Signs of Menopause
Usually, a woman will begin to experience menopause symptoms around her mid-40's as her body's reproductive capability comes to the end. At this stage many women experience some physical and emotional symptoms because of hormonal imbalance.
Updated: November 3, 2017
Usually, a woman will begin to experience menopause symptoms around her
mid-40's as her body's reproductive capability comes to the end. At this
stage many women experience some physical and emotional symptoms
because of hormonal imbalance.
Estrogen regulates the menstrual cycle
and affects several parts of the body such as reproductive system,
urinary tract, heart, blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous
membranes, pelvic muscles and brain.
Common Symptoms of Menopause include:
flashes are also known as hot flushes. These are a sudden, transient
sensation of warmth or heat that spreads over the body, creating a
flushing, or redness, that is particularly noticeable on the face and
upper portion of your body. The intensity of a hot flash can range from
mild to very strong, even waking you from sleep. A hot flash generally
lasts between 30 seconds to 10 minutes.
When an women approach
menopause, the estrogen level decreases naturally resulting in hot
flashes. If the estrogen production decreases gradually, it produces
fewer hot flashes. But if the ovaries stop estrogen production more
abruptly hot flashes can be a rollercoaster ride in those cases. Most
women experience hot flashes for a year or two after their final
menstrual period. Hot flashes may still continue after menopause, but
they lessen in intensity over time.
Night Sweats:Severe hot
flashes that occur during sleep accompanied by intense bouts of sweating
is known as night sweats. These aren't actually a sleep disorder, but a
common disorder that occurs during sleep in menopausal women. The
intensity of a night sweats can range from mild to intense, and can be
caused by hormonal imbalance combined with environmental factors, such
as an excessively warm sleeping environment. It may be as severe as to
disrupts sleep, and increase irritability and stress in everyday life.
is important to get to the root of the issue before seeking treatment
options as there may me other underlying medical conditions which causes
Irregular Periods:Irregular period is most
common in a woman in her mid-40's as she approaches menopause. Hormonal
imbalance caused by decreasing levels of estrogen and progesterone is
the most likely cause of this.
Irregular periods could also be caused by other medical conditions or even pregnancy.
estrogen levels drop during perimenopause, the vaginal tissue becomes
drier, thinner, and less elastic. Usually moist and soft feeling of the
lining of the vagina disappears resulting in vaginal dryness with
symptoms of itchiness and irritation. Lack of lubrication leads to
uncomfortable sex , and the vagina is frequently itchy, easily
irritated, and more prone to infections.
Atrophy of the vagina is an
extreme version of vaginal dryness in which the vagina becomes smaller
in width and length. This symptom may appear due to a sudden drop in
estrogen during menopause irrespective of the cause, whether it is
natural, premature, or surgical. It is important to seek treatment for
this condition if it begins to affect quality of life.
(OTC) lubricants or prescription treatments that include localized
estrogen therapy, such as an estrogen cream or a vaginal ring, can treat
Decreased libido:Decreased libido that could
be caused by any of a variety of factors. However, for women going
through menopause, this sudden drop in desire for sexual activity or
intimacy can be due to hormonal imbalance. Androgen deficiency can
cause low sex drive. Decreased libido can also be caused by other
menopause symptoms themselves, such as vaginal dryness or depression, or
by prescription drugs including medication prescribed to treat
Mood Swings:Changes in hormone
production affect the moods of women during menopause. Some women report
feelings of irritability, depression, and mood swings. Often women
during this condition can go from extreme highs to severe lows in a
short period of time. Mood swings can be sudden and intense, although
the experience of them may differ from woman to woman.
severe mood swings are a psychological disorder caused primarily by
hormonal imbalances. When production of the hormone estrogen drops, the
production of mood-regulating neurotransmitters also decreases resulting
in mood swings. Other menopause symptoms can also have effects on mood,
such as fatigue. Therefore, one of the most effective ways of reducing
menopausal mood swings is to target the underlying hormonal imbalance.