Updated: August 17, 2020
Your treatment of stomach ulcer will depend on the cause of its occurrence. With treatment, most ulcers heal in a month or two. In rare cases, surgery may be required.
A course of two or three antibiotics is recommended if your ulcer is caused by H. pylori infection. The most commonly used antibiotics are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole. Each of these needs to be taken twice a day for a week. You will be reviewed at least four weeks after finishing your antibiotic course to check if there are any H. pylori bacteria left in your stomach. If so, a further course of different antibiotics may be prescribed.
PPIs reduce the amount of acid your stomach produces. Thus preventing further damage to the ulcer. The most commonly used PPIs to treat stomach ulcers are omeprazole, pantoprazole, and lansoprazole. All these are prescribed for four to eight weeks.
It blocks acid production in your stomach. The most widely used H2 receptor blocker for treating stomach ulcers is ranitidine.
Additional antacid medication is prescribed to neutralize your stomach acid and provide immediate symptom relief. As all of the above treatments can take several hours to start working you can get short term relief from these antacids. Some antacids also contain alginate, which produces a protective coating on the lining of your stomach. These medications are easily available to buy at all pharmaceutical stores. When you experience symptoms or when you expect them, you can always have an antacid.
Stomach ulcer will require surgery in very rare cases such as:
Surgery may require:
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