Ujjain is an ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Shipra River in the Malwa region.
Updated: September 29, 2019
Ujjain is an ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Shipra River in the Malwa region. Ujjain is considered as one of the holiest cities of India. Ujjain is one of the four sites for the Kumbh Mela. It is also home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva. This makes Ujjain a place of high religious significance for the Hindus. It is also known to be the educational hub of various Indian scholars.
The Mahakaleshwar Temple, located in the ancient city of Ujjain on the side of the Rudra Sagar Lake in the state of Madhya Pradesh is one of the most sacred and outstanding places of pilgrimage for Hindus. The temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, which are considered to be the sacred dwelling place of the Lord. The Mahakaleshwar Temple complex is influenced by Maratha, Bhumija and Chalukya styles of structural design and is complete with impressive lingams of Mahakaleshwar, Omkaresvara and Nagachandresvara and images of Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati.
Kal Bhairav temple is said to be related with the Tantra cult, a secret religious sect who thrived upon black magic. Kal Bhairava is the most important among the eight Bhairavas. The Shivalinga in this temple attracts thousands of visitors to this religious site during Mahashivratri.
Ram Mandir Ghat is one of the four locations where the Kumbh Mela takes place every 12 years. It is considered to be one of the oldest bathing Ghat in connection with the Kumbh celebrations. As it is believed that a dip here can wash off all you sins, a large number of people comes to this place during the mega Kumbh festival.
The Kumbh Mela takes place only once in every twelve years for twelve days which are equivalent to the twelve years of the Hindu gods in the mortal world. The banks of river Ganga at Haridwar, river Godavari at Nashik, the confluence of river Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati at Allahabad and river Kshipra at Ujjain serve as the venues for this huge carnival. The Kumbh is held every three years in one of the four cities, Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Ujjain. It is a Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus and people from all over the world gather together at a place to bathe in a sacred river. It is believed that a holy dip in these rivers cleanses the soul of individuals and frees them from all their sins, as the rivers turn into the areas of sanctity during Kumbh Mela.
The Harsiddhi Temple has an idol of Annapurna painted in dark red color between the idols of Mahasaraswati and Mahalaxmi.
Kaliadeh Palace built in 1458 AD is situated on an island based in the Shipra River. The Palace is flanked on both sides by the waters of the rivers and the technical aptitude of the predecessors can be seen in the man-made tanks and channels.