V. P. Singh

Vishwanath Pratap Singh or V. P. Singh was an Indian politician and government official, the 8th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Vishwanath Pratap Singh or V. P. Singh was an Indian politician and government official, the 8th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990. He is known for his decision, as Prime Minister, to implement the Mandal Commission report for India's backward castes.


He left the Congress Party following Rajiv Gandhi's interference with his decisions and resigned from the post of defense minister. He worked hard to bring together a coalition of the Left parties and the BJP against the Rajiv Gandhi government.


He united several small parties and formed a coalition government which won the 1989 elections. However, because of disputes with religious and caste issues, Bhartiya Janta Party withdrew its support, and he was forced to resign from his post. He was born on June 25th, 1931 and died on November 27th, 2008.


Childhood of V. P. Singh:

V. P. Singh was born on June 25, 1931 in the Rajput Gahawar (Rathore) zamindar family of Daiya to Raja Bhagwati Prasad Singh. In 1936, he was adopted by Raja Bahadur Ram Gopal Singh, the ruler of Manda.


Education of V. P. Singh:

He received his formal education from Colonel Brown Cambridge School, Dehra Dun, and later studied at the Allahabad and Pune (Poona) universities. In 1947-48, he served as the President of the Students Union at Udai Pratap College, Varanasi, and later became the Vice President of Allahabad University Students Union.


Family of V. P. Singh:

he had an arranged marriage with Sita Kumari, the daughter of the Raja of Deogarh-Madaria, Rajasthan on June 25th, 1955. The couple was blessed with two sons Ajay Singh, born in 1957 and Abhai Singh, born in 1958.


Some facts about V. P. Singh:

  • He joined the Indian National Congress Party and became a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1969.
  • After his investigations of arms-procurement fraud were squelched, he resigned from the post of defense minister and left the Congress Party.
  • After resigning as a Congress cabinet minister, he established an opposition party called 'Jan Morcha' together with associates Arun Nehru and Arif Mohammad Khan. He was elected to Lok Sabha once again in the tightly contested by-election in Allahabad.
  • National Front won the elections and he became the Prime Minister of India on December 2nd, 1989. His governing coalition achieved control of both houses of India's parliament after the state legislative elections in March 1990.
  • During his tenure as the Prime Minister, on the recommendation of the Mandal Commission, he passed a fixed quota reservation for all jobs in public sector for people falling under the historically disadvantaged 'Other Backward classes' (OBC). This resulted in strong objection from non-OBC youths in urban areas of North India.
  • He stopped making public appearances after he was diagnosed with cancer in 1998.
  • On November 27th, 2008, he died after a long struggle with multiple myeloma (bone marrow cancer) and renal failure in Delhi, India. He was cremated on the banks of the River Ganges in Allahabad.



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