Vallabhbhai Patel popularly known as Sardar Patel, was an Indian politician who played a leading role in India's struggle for independence.
Vallabhbhai Patel popularly known as Sardar Patel, was an Indian politician who played a leading role in India's struggle for independence. He served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was an Indian barrister and statesman, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India. He guided its integration into a united, independent nation. He was known as Sardar, meaning 'chief' in Hindi, Urdu, and Persian. He acted as Home Minister during the political integration of India and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
He was popularly known as the Iron Man of India.
Childhood of Vallabhbhai Patel:
Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31st, 1875 and died on December 15th, 1950. Born to a Gujarati family in the village of Karamsad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the fourth of the six children of his father, Jhaveribhai. He had three elder brothers, and a younger brother and sister.
Education of Vallabhbhai Patel:
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad, and Borsad. He completed his matriculation at the age of 22. Patel had a plan to study to become a lawyer, work and save funds, travel to England, and become a barrister. Patel spent years away from his family, studying on his own with books borrowed from other lawyers, passing his examinations within two years.
In the early years of practice, Vallabhbhai had a reputation of being a fierce and skilled lawyer. He practiced in Godhra, Borsad and Anand. He even served as the first chairman of the E.M.H.S (Edward Memorial High School).
Family of Vallabhbhai Patel:
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel tied the knot at the age of 18, to Jhaverba, who was twelve years of age then. However as per the traditional Hindu customs, the two stayed apart for a few years until Sardar Patel had definite income to fall back on. The bride had to stay with her parents until her husband had a decent income and an established household. He set up a house in Godhra with Jhaverba. The couple was blessed with a daughter, Manibehn, in 1904, and a son, Dahyabhai, two years later.
In 1909, Jhaverba, who was suffering from cancer, underwent a major surgical operation. Though the operation was successful, her health continued to decline. She passed away the same year. Patel was against remarrying and instead raised his children with the help of his family. Sardar Patel breathed his last on December 15, 1950 after a massive heart attack.
Some facts about Vallabhbhai Patel:
- Patel stood for an election to become the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad which he won comfortably in 1917.
- Vallabhbhai Patel took active participation in the Gandhi-led Quit India Movement as an ardent supporter of Gandhi.
- Patel was free-India's first Home Minister and Minister of Information and Broadcasting. He was also the first of the Congress leaders to support the partition of India, as a solution to curb the rising communal violence and Muslim separatist movement, led by Mohammad Jinnah.
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was awarded with India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1991. His birthday, which falls on October 31, is celebrated as Sardar Jayanti.
- His home in Karmsad has been preserved in his memory, and Sardar Patel National Memorial was established in 1980, which houses a museum, a gallery of portraits and historical pictures and a library.
- A number of educational institutes in India have been named after him, including the nation's premier institutes Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Sardar Patel University, and Sardar Patel Vidyalaya.
- Government of India has build a 182 metres (597 ft) tall statue of Sardar Patel. It is the world's tallest statue and is built directly facing the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km away on the river island called Sadhu Bet near Vadodara in Gujarat.