Updated: June 18, 2020
Vishwakarma Day, also known as Vishwakarma Jayanti or Vishwakarma Puja, is a day of celebration for Vishwakarma, a Hindu god, the divine architect.
Viswakarma Puja is celebrated every year on 17th or 18th September which usually falls on the last day of the Indian Bhado month. He is considered as swayambhu. As he constructed the holy city of Dwarka where Krishna ruled, the Maya Sabha of the Pandavas, and was the creator of many fabulous weapons for the gods he is consider as the creator of the world. He is also called the divine carpenter.
Vishwakarma was one of the fourteen precious things to be born out of the Samudra manthan and is credited with Sthapatya Veda, the science of mechanics and architecture. He adorns gold jewellery and a crown. In his hands, he holds a water pot, book, craftsman's tools, and a noose. Lord Vishwakarma bestows his special blessings on persons who worship him on this day. He grants them with knowledge, working skills, and efficiency so that they may excel in their field.
With the help of the Vishwakarma Puja, machinery and equipment are kept in excellent conditions and industries flourish with his blessings. So, every professional should celebrate the festival to get the blessings of Lord Vishwakarma so that he/she may progress in their respective field of work.
The festival is celebrated mainly in factories, industrial areas, and on the shop floor. This day is observed not only by engineering and architectural community. It is also celebrated by all people who use machines and tools. It is celebrated in Indian states such as Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Tripura. The festival is also celebrated in its neighbouring country Nepal.
As a mark of reverence the day of worship is also marked by artisans, craftsmen, mechanics, smiths, welders, industrial workers, factory workers and others along with the engineering and architectural community. The prayer is for better future, safe working conditions and, success in their respective fields.
Workers also pray for the smooth functioning of various machines. It is customary for craftsmen to worship their tools in his name. On this day they refrain from using the tools while doing the puja. Modern electronic servers are also worshipped for their smooth functioning. Statues and pictures of Vishwakarma are normally installed in every workplace and factory. The priest performs the Vishwakarma Puja with Aarti and mantras. All workers gather in one common place and perform the puja (reverence). Gifts are distributed to workers and holiday is declared for workers. The idol of Lord Vishwakarma should be kept overnight along with the things that were used during the puja. An 'Akhand Diya' is lit beside the idol or image of Lord Vishwakarma. On the next day, Visarjan Ceremony is performed, and all the puja items are immersed in a nearby water body. The Vishwakarma Puja ensures that the coming year will pass without any major technical problem.
Vishwakarma puja is also celebrated a day after Diwali, along with Govardhan Puja in the month of October or November in Gregorian calendar.